Special flora

From dry grasslands to mountain meadows and Alpine pastures - the flora of the Alpine climate zone in Kaunertal reaches all the way to the ice of the glacier.  

Dry grasslands in Kauns, Kaunerberg & Faggen

The unusual dryness of the slopes surrounding Kauns and Kaunerberg is due to the inner alpine climate and foehn with less than 600 mm of precipitation a year on average, and is considered unique north of the main ridge of the Alps. This effect is further strengthened by the southern exposure of the slopes and the resulting intense solar radiation and high soil temperatures. As early as during the Middle Ages, the biggest section of dry grasslands in Tyrol developed here when the dry pine forests at Kauns, Kaunerberg and 

Faggen were felled. Dry grasslands, rock ledges, and islands of shrub and woodland as well as overgrown dry stone walls create a valuable habitat for many heat-loving plants and animals. 

You can observe more than 1,100 species of butterfly, many of which are active at night!

Woodland and shrub learning path in Kauns

This learning path teaches you about more than 40 local trees and shrubs. The learning path takes you through the dry grasslands of Kauns and Kaunerberg, which are home to many different species of animals and plants. With information boards telling you about more than 40 trees and shrubs, you can learn quite a lot about our local flora. The 3.6 km walk from Kauns to the Schlossbach waterfall and back takes around 1.5 h and is easily manageable with children (and pushchairs).

Organic herbs and shrubs are also waiting to be discovered in the Kauns Herb corner - a show garden which will quicken all of your senses. Verena Buchhammer uses the herbs from this garden, as well as raspberry leaves and elderflower from the slopes of Kauns, for her salt, tea and liqueur creations - available in her shop.

Moors

Fendler fen

Low-level moors, also called fens, are characterised by the predominance of low-growing sedges and rushes. They are originally located in the vicinity of springs or rain bogs, but were largely destroyed in the last decades. Extensively managed sites - such as this marsh area in Fendels - offers this rare community of plants a new home. Right next to the nature playground in Fendels, you can find very rare plant species including two low-growing sedges such as the common sedge and Davalls sedge as well as the marsh orchid. The joint presence of the two species of low-growing sedge, which have very different habitat requirements, is especially noteworthy. This is due to the influence of the so-called "Engadin window”, which contains calcareous rock, which promotes the occurrence of the calciphile Davalls sedge.

Piller Moor

An historic monument

Piller Moor at Kaunergrat nature park is one of the beautiful uplandmoors in central Europe. You can still find many such bogs around here: From the mowed low-level fens to the pristine upload moors at more than 1,500 m above sea level - discover these exciting habitats in the Alps! The bogs at Pilller Sattel came into existence towards the end of the last ice age and are mainly transition fens and transition peat bogs.
When the Piller Moors were recorded in their entirety in 1999, interesting results were found: Around 150 flowering plants and mosses were identified, and in addition to around 20 partially protected species, 38 more or less strongly at risk plant species (according to the Austrian Red List) are also present in the area. They have developed their own survival strategy adapted to the site to make use of the low nutrient content in this extreme environment.
Since the summer of 2013, Piller Moor has also been wheelchair-accessible! A milestone in the history of accessibility in Kaunertal.
© 2016 TVB Tiroler Oberland - Kaunertal Tourism

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